Dr. Paul Farmer, Our Greatest Architect
Come, sit next to me on this rock, and tell me about your father.” That was when Paul Farmer invited me in. I had arrived in Rwanda the previous day; three weeks prior, my father had died. I was there to work, and so we were, at a rural clinic called Rukira, lifting stones and digging holes to make a fish pond—he insisted on fish ponds—with his team and a group of volunteers. The sun was hot and high, and the red dust of the dry season was settling on my clothes and in my nostrils.
Why were we here, together on a Saturday, digging a fish pond as if our lives depended on it? And why, while we were doing that, was the first thought of this legendary, extremely busy man, “Tell me about your grief?” How did he have the time, I thought, to sit me down and inquire about who I was?
I have often told the origin story of my first meeting with Paul: at a lecture he was giving when I was an architecture student. He spoke of buildings as a healthcare problem, which I had never considered. I approached him that night after the lecture to ask which architects he was working with. He responded, “Architects? What architects? Where were you all when we needed you?” He changed the course of my training with that question.
And on that stone, I felt my love for my father transfer to him. He took me in and showed me a path out of the valley. He saved my life.
But I have not often told this other story. About what it meant to meet him, after losing my father to cancer, moving across the world in the midst of my deep grief, and being greeted by Paul’s very first question: How was I surviving? Truthfully, I barely was. And on that stone, I felt my love for my father transfer to him. He took me in and showed me a path out of the valley. He saved my life.
But the other lesson of why we were there—to “beautify” the grounds of a rural clinic—is equally important. We have to remember that the person we lost on February 21 was not only a father figure and leader, a humanitarian, and a voice for change. Paul Farmer was also one of the greatest designers of our built world, one of the greatest systems thinkers to have ever lived. He was the kind of architect I aspire to be.
At his core, Paul was a builder. From the scale of the human body to the scale of the planet, he understood design as a fundamental tool in delivering better systems, and he saw architecture as a critical, often ignored, medium through which we fully deliver our rights as citizens. Architecture is a right, he would say, because anything less is insufficient and injurious. And he proved it in all the facilities he built, the gardens he tended, and the fish ponds he installed from Haiti to Rwanda, Malawi to Miami.
In the first hospital we designed together, the Butaro District Hospital, located in the stunning remote Butaro region of Rwanda, where Paul died, the primary design driver was reducing airborne disease transfer inside hallways. These lessons about breathability and hospital design have now shaped an entire field of naturally ventilated facilities, offering us a roadmap to think about all buildings after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides. Such elemental and brilliant lessons could only come from someone so proximate to the issues of need. Buildings must perform to protect us, Paul urged, and when they do not, injustice and violence are replicated and accepted.
Paul would not allow us to settle for hospitals that merely functioned better; he demanded more beautiful ones as well. Beauty is a right, too, he would say, because it is the ultimate vehicle for the distribution of dignity. And dignity was ultimately the point of it all; dignity was why that fish pond mattered so much. A place of recovery, hospitality, and healing must heal our whole selves—otherwise, it is not fully functional. The patients, the staff, us, everyone should know that nothing less was acceptable. It was not right.
Paul wrote, “What is the cost of not having architecture?” By cost, he meant the cost on lives, on our rights, on our access to fundamental public services like healthcare but not limited to that.
With that premise, Paul and his group and colleagues at Partners in Health went about not just building buildings—from hospitals, to clinics, to schools to houses for those they serve—but they built systems that would replicate and reinforce these aspirations, and this quality. They made the case for why architecture matters, and how it should serve us more effectively. With that they provided a road map out of this pandemic, and out of future ones.
Paul’s leadership lay in his vision and commitment, but it was the empathic foundation of his character that created a vast family whose lives have been forever changed by single moments like I experienced. Those of us who are sitting on stones throughout the world, in spaces of reflection and hope, are reminded of how we are inextricably linked to one another. “The training wheels are off,” Paul would say. Time to get to work.
Featured image courtesy of MASS Design Group. Michael Murphy, Bruce Nizeye, and Dr. Paul Farmer in Butaro, Rwanda, 2007.